CARDINAL was used in more than 40 organizations in Russia, Cyprus, Finland, Greece, The Netherlands, Turkey, Turkmenistan, UK and USA for the realization of more then hundred of different kind of projects.
Flood Early Warning System for St. Petersburg.
One of the most important among them was Dutch-Russian project 'Flood Early Warning System for St. Petersburg. As a result of this project the model of the Baltic Sea prepared with CARDINAL works in fully automated regime at the North-West Hydrometeorological Service of Russia for forecasting of water level in St. Petersburg since Dec.1999. This model was chosen for forecasts of water level in the Flood Warning System installed at St.Petersburg Flood Protection Barrier. Meteorological forecast are daily received from the Swedish model HIRLAM. As it is known St.Petersburg located in the shallow head of the Gulf of Finland and it suffered from flooding caused by storm surges for about 300 years.
Advance time of these forecasts is 48 hours. Based on the results of forecasts this method of forecasting was officially approved by the Russian Committee on Hydrometeorology in Moscow as an additional tool for water level forecast. Example of successful flood forecast
28 November 2011 the first time in the history of St.Petereburg floods thanks to closing all the gates of the Barrier in due time in accordance with the forecast produced with the developed system the flooding of St.Petersburg was prevented.
Lake Imandra on Kola peninsula and Lake Evoron in Khabarovsk Province in Russia: dispersion of radionuclides after accidents on nuclear power stations and the dam breaking problems.
Uglich Reservoir in Yaroslavl Province in Russia: study of dispersion of turbidity during sand excavation works.
Ladoga Lake (Cheremukhinskii Bay): Simulation of currents in the region of projecting fishing farm.
Volga and Oka near Nizhniy Novgorod and Viatka at the north of the Russia: Simulations of accidental spill of pollutants and its propagation in the rivers.
Kolyma in the Siberia: Propagation of storm surges into the river in the presence of hydropower station for the estimation of navigation conditions.
Angara near Baykal Lake, Ingoda and Velikaya in the central Russia: Estimations of the influence of the development of large sand quarries in the river beds on hydraulic and turbidity regimes.
Amur river near Khabarovsk: Forecasts of distribution of discharges among the river branches after implementation of different variants of dams constructions.
Nadym, Oka, Obb, Lena : Modeling of changes in the hydraulic regimes after construction of bridges.
Irtysh : Influence of changes in the river bed.
Bays and Gulfs
Neva Bay in the head of the Gulf of Finland:
1. Study of the impact on the environment of the Barrier constructed to protect St. Petersburg against floods (many different contracts). Example of animated field of spill propagation through Neva Bay and St. Petersburg Flood Protection Barrier can be seen here
2. Simulations of flood penetration through the Barrier with partly opened gaps (contracts with firm Sir Alexander GIBB, UK and DHV Environment & Transportation, The Netherlands).
3. Simulations of dynamics and dispersion of pollutants in unsteady hydrometeorological conditions for the choice of optimal locations of different treatment plants outfalls.
4. Forecast of changes in current and concentration fields after construction of new port on the Vasilievskii Island and other coastal structures designed in the General Plan of Development of St.Peterburg.
5. Estimation of the velocity conditions in Port of St. Petersburg in connection with the accident with MS 'Silja Opera' (contract with VTT Manufactoring Technology, Finland).
7. Environmental impact assessments of dredging and damping in connection with constraction of new passenger terminal on the Vasilievsky Island.
Koporskaya Bay in the Gulf of Finland: Environmental impact assessment in connection with construction of new block of Leningrad Nuclear Power Station.
Kurgalskay Bayin the Gulf of Finland: Simulations of turbidity arised during the crop of iron-manganese nodules from the Bay bottom
Luga Bay in in the Gulf of Finland: Estimation of changes in current regime after construction of new port in the Ust'-Luga.
Gulf of Finland and Onega Bay of the White Sea: Oil spills simulations.
Skagway, Juneau, Sitka et al: Discharge of waste waters from moving ships in ports and bays of Southeastern Alaska (contract with International Specialists in the Environment, USA).
Pagassitikos Gulf and Amvrakikos Gulf, Greece: Pollution modeling.
Akrotiri Bay, Cyprus Basin (Eastern Mediterranean Levantine Basin): Study of the environmental aspects for the development of the marine aqua culture.
1. Operational forecasts of water levels in St. Petersburg with the advance time 48 hours (since December 1999) and up to date. The bird's eye view on evolution of water level in the Baltic Sea during one of the flood can be seen here: